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History of Morse Code
Morse code was originally invented in the 1830s near Massachusetts USA. Samuel Finley Breese Morse was soon to change the world.
Samuel Morse and a fellow inventor by the name of Alfred Vail quickly began to prototype quicker and more efficient ways of communication and they eventually ended on the Telegraph.
This telegraph was able to transmit and detect pulses in electricity this consequently allowed them to transcribe the alphabet into a sequence of dots and dashes as long and short pulses in the electricity.
The simplicity versus the complexity of telegraphing these letters in morse code would be dependent on their frequency in the English dictionary.
The rules of Morse code:
- One dot ( . ) is equal to the one-time unit
- One dash ( - ) is equal to three-time unit
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In addition to this between each letter, there would be a one-time unit and between each word, there would be three-time units. Because each of these time units was relative to one another and wasn't set as a specific amount of time. Morse code could easily be sped up or slowed down.
In May 1844 Samuel Morse sent the first-ever telegraph message from Washington DC to Baltimore.
Morse code had great historical relevancy even in its early stages. Largely credited with ending the pony express helping the north win the civil war and allowing Nevada to join the union.
By the end of the 19th-century construction of large undersea cables began allowing for intercontinental communication.
The development of the wireless telegraph was spearheaded by Guglielmo Marconi in the early 1900s.
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The use of the wireless telegraph became common in large ships of the 1910s namely the armless Titanic were more code was able to save hundreds of lives with the use of the SOS distress signal.
Morse code is commonly used by both sides in world war one often as a means of communication between frontline trenches and officers as well as negotiations between countries.
Morse code was heavily used by the military in the second world war often being used as a primary means of communication. Morse code was often utilized between warships naval bases because radio frequencies were limited and also easily identifiable by military enemies.
He created an unsuspecting tapestry in December of 1941 but within it was a message written in Morse code. But Morse code wasn't only used by the military an example of this is Major Alexis Castagli who is held as a prisoner of war by the Germans.
Admiral Jeremiah Denton was helped as a prisoner during the Vietnam war after his plane had been shot down Jeremiah Denton was imprisoned north of Hanoi conditions were harsh after approximately one year of imprisonment Jeremiah Denton and fellow prisoners of war were forced to parade in the Vietnamese propaganda event known as a Hanoi March during propaganda broadcast Jeremiah Denton was subjected to a televised interview in which he was able to blink out the word torture in Morse code.
Morse code is no longer the world's primary means of communication being fas less efficient and much harder to use than its modern counterparts like radio telephone internet and messaging apps but Morse code still has a great prevalence in our society.
Binary code is highly important in the way we live our lives and the way we interact with technology. It is founded on the same premise as Morse code using an on and off system to convey messages and information.
Morse code is an important part of the world's history and its impact can not be overstated.
How does Morse code work?
1. In the age of constant information communication, it was not too long ago that this communication was vital to making the world go around.
2. Back in the early 1800s engineers and scientists started to pioneer electrical communication methods.
3. In 1836s Samuel Morse Joseph Henry and Alfred Vail invented the electrical telegraph system.
4. It was the first system that allowed communication over a great distance however there was a problem it could only communicate with the pulses of electricity to another machine.
5. With this method, you would not be able to achieve any voice or text so a new way of getting a message across the world is needed.
6. A code was developed by no other than Samuel Morse to translate electrical pulses back into the original message.
7. Originally Morse code only incorporated numbers but they will help to expand to include letters and other characters.
8. Morse code was born coder sign sequence of short and long pulses to numbers and letters. Later these pulses would be thought of as dots and dashes. The rule of Morse code is as follows:
- Each dot serves as the bases of time for the code.
- One dash is equivalent to the length of three dots.
After each character, there is silence that is equivalent to the length of one dot.
This relative timing allows for Morse code to be easily spread up and slow down all while keeping the same pace.
As far as how Samuel Morse and Alfred decided on how to assign these specific sequences of dots and dashes to each letter they actually study the frequency with which each letter was used in the English language.
They then assigned the easier dot and dash sequences to the most used letters during that time period.
For example E the most common letter is represented by a single dot.
Originally Telegraph machines would mark sheets of tape with a message.
But eventually, the telegraph operator learned to translate these dots and dashes audibly making the tape unnecessary. This also meant that the Morse code studied was thought of as an audible language rather than a written one of symbols.